Peginterferon alpha-2b plus ribavirin for chronic hepatitis C virus mixed genotype infection

Autores: Lin Ching-Chung, Wu Chia-Hsien, Chen Huan-Lin, Lin I-Tsung, Wang Shen-Yung, Wang Tsang-En, Bair Ming-Jong, et al

Resumen

Background and aim: The treatment efficacy of peginterferon plus ribavirin for patients with HCV genotype 1 is inferior to that in patients with HCV genotype 2, but the efficacy among patients with mixed HCV genotype 1 + 2 is less clear. We compared the treatment outcome of peginterferon alpha-2b plus ribavirin among naïve chronic hepatitis C patients in Taiwan with HCV genotype 1 and 2, and mixed genotype 1 + 2. Material and methods: In this retrospective cohort study, 150 patients were treated with peginterferon alpha-2b once weekly, plus ribavirin, for 24 weeks. The endpoint was sustained virological response after receiving at least one dose of the study medication. Results: There were no differences in clinical characteristics among the 3 groups. There were significant differences in rapid virological response rate between patients with genotype 1 and genotype 2 (64.7 vs. 85.5%, respectively; p < 0.05) and a sustained virological response rate (55.9 vs. 83.6%, respectively; p = 0.001). The rapid virological response rate differed between the genotype 1 and mixed genotype 1 + 2 groups (64.7 vs. 85.2%, respectively; p < 0.05), but the sustained virological response rate was similar (55.9 vs. 74.1%; p = 0.101). Conclusions; Using peginterferon alpha-2b plus ribavirin for 24 weeks to treat patients with HCV genotype 1 + 2 achieved a 74.1% sustained virological response rate; the treatment efficacy was not inferior to patients with HCV genotype 1, but the percentage of liver cirrhosis in mixed genotype 1 + 2 group was higher to 22%, it is worth to be appropriately valued and studied.

Palabras clave: Interferon ribavirin mixed infection.

2014-07-05   |   291 visitas   |   Evalua este artículo 0 valoraciones

Vol. 13 Núm.4. Julio-Agosto 2014 Pags. 350-355 Ann Hepatol 2014; 13(4)