Resumen

Objective: Apply dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to determine the amount of fat mass, lean mass, and bone mineral density in Mexican schoolchildren with and without obesity. Material and Methods: We performed an observational, analytical, comparative, cross-sectional study of 80 Mexican schoolchildren who attended the Nutrition Clinic of the Pediatric Medical Center in Monterrey, Mexico during the period of January to April 2005. Body mass index (BMI) was determined to classify the participants according to the growth charts of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Two groups of 40 children each (with and without obesity) were formed and DXA was carried out on each individual. Cronbach’s Alpha was used to determine instrument reliability and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to test the normality of numerical variables. Means were compared using Student´s t test. Results: Statistically significant differences were found in fat mass (p≤0.001) and lean mass (p≤0.001), but not in bone mineral content (p=0.051) between both groups. Conclusions: Differences exist in fat mass and lean mass in both groups, but not in bone mineral content between both groups. A significant positive correlation was found between fat mass, determined by DXA, and BMI in schoolchildren with and without obesity.

Palabras clave: Body composition; dual X-ray absorptiometry; childhood obesity; body mass index; fat mass; Mexico.

2015-01-28   |   661 visitas   |   Evalua este artículo 0 valoraciones

Vol. 16 Núm.64. Julio-Septiembre 2014 Pags. 112-116 Med Univer 2014; 16(64)