Descriptive study of the bio-psychosocial characteristics of adolescents in Unidad Educativa Herlinda Toral. Cuenca – Ecuador. 2018

Autores: Serrano Delgado Clara Yamilet, Reinoso Carrasco Julieta del Carmen, Rodríguez Sánchez Dolores Amparito , Romero Rodríguez Valeria Paulina, Pesántez Alvarado Juan Martín , Lafebre Carrasco Milton Fabricio


Objective: the objective of the study was to determine the bio- psycho- social characteristics of adolescents, a study that is a part of Society Involvement project of the University of Cuenca: “Approach to Adolescent Sexuality. An Integral Preventive Approach in the Educational Unit Herlinda Toral “. Based on a survey with 73 objective questions, divided into 9 categories. Materials and methods: a survey with 73 objective questions, divided into 9 categories corresponding to: general data, personal background, family background, family, social life, habits, sexuality, psycho - emotional situation and oral health. After the application, was taking a pilot study to validate and too adapted to the local language. The Cronbach Alpha statistic which had a value of 0.82; the average duration of the test was 40 minutes. Results: the total amount of students was 1050, of which answered 420 (40% response rate); the female - male ratio was 2.5 to 1; 60% of students have nuclear families; family violence corresponds to 5%; conflict with the peer group of 95%, including violence at 12.4%, which explains why some adolescents feel ignored, rejected or victims of bullying; the use of social networks of 5 or more hours per day is 24%; therefore, the risk of conflict increases.Conclusions: it is important to know the risk behaviors in adolescence, to carry out early prevention through support programs, and promotion of a healthy adolescence that strengthens their attitudes, reduces the risk of pregnancy and allow to achieve a life project in young people.

Palabras clave: adolescence social network violence

2019-11-22   |   179 visitas   |   Evalua este artículo 0 valoraciones

Vol. 19 Núm.2. Julio-Diciembre 2019 Pags. 342-351 Arch Med Manizales 2019; 19(2)