Role of parenting styles in internalizing, externalizing, and adjustment problems

in children 

Autores: Moreno Méndez Jaime Humberto, Espada Sánchez José Pedro, Gómez Becerra María Inmaculada


Introduction: different studies have reported the relationship of parenting styles with adjustment problems in children. However, it has not been specified which aspects of parenting styles play a central role in the manifestation of such psychological problems. Objective: to increase the knowledge about the role of which parental educational styles are associated with internalizing, externalizing, and adjustment problems in Colombian children. Method: through structural equations, the fit of the proposed model was verified. Participants were 422 parents and children aged between 8 and 12 years, enrolled in public schools in Bogota, Colombia. The Parental Educational Styles Questionnaire, the Child Behavior Checklist, and the Parent Format and Self-assessment Multifactorial Adjustment test were applied. Results: family dynamics and parental practices have effects on internalizing, externalizing, and general maladjustment problems. Parental roles and practices show indirect effects on general maladjustment through externalizing problems. Discussion and conclusion: the models tested show that conflicts at home, parental overload, impulsivity, permissive, ambiguous/non-consistent styles, and dysfunctional reaction to disobedience play a role in the manifestation of internalizing, externalizing, and adjustment problems in children.

Palabras clave: in children

2020-03-24   |   282 visitas   |   Evalua este artículo 0 valoraciones

Vol. 43 Núm.2. Marzo-Abril 2020 Pags. 73-84 Salud Ment 2020; 43(2)