Aging with metabolic syndrome in Mexico: an analysis of prevalence and risk for geriatric syndromes

Autores: Barrientos Ávalos José R., Fraga Ávila Claudia, Díaz Ramos Julio A.

Resumen

Background: An increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) has been observed among older persons (OPs). Its presence affects cardiovascular risk and may influence the development of certain geriatric syndromes (GS). However, a direct association between MS and GS has not been definitively described. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 668 participants (aged > 60 years) attending a geriatric care unit at a university hospital in Guadalajara, Mexico. Participants were conveniently recruited over 1 year. Medical records were reviewed, and a comprehensive geriatric assessment was conducted to diagnose MS and GS. Logistic regression analysis was employed to determine any association risk between MS and GS. Results: The mean age of participants was 76.2 years (standard deviation 5.63), with 85.4% being women. The frequency of MS was 6%. Multivariate analysis indicated a statistically significant association between the presence of MS and polypharmacy (OR = 2.44; 95% CI: 1.1- 5.4, p = 0.027). The association was marginally significant for disability (OR = 1.87; 95% CI: 0.97-3.60, p = 0.05). Conclusion: The frequency of MS among OP at a university hospital in Guadalajara, Mexico, was lower compared to other population-based studies. The presence of MS was associated with an increased likelihood of disability and polypharmacy.

Palabras clave: Metabolic syndrome geriatric syndrome obesity. older persons

2024-02-07   |   56 visitas   |   Evalua este artículo 0 valoraciones

Vol. 9 Núm.2. Julio-Diciembre 2023 Pags. 40-44 J Lat Am Geriatric Med 2023; 9(2)