Links between Public Health Policy and Ecoepidemiology in the Integrated Control of Public Health Problems:

the Example of Malaria in Venezuela 

Autor: Rodríguez Morales Alfonso J

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Malaria is still the most important tropical parasitic disease worldwide, especially in developing countries. Its control is not easy, but large efforts have been made along disease history to prevent it or even eradicate it from specific zones, especially after the implementation of the use of DDT for its vectorial control and widespread use of chloroquine as antimalarial therapy. Although important advances in knowledge of disease, development of epidemiological strategies for its management and control, as logically, in its pathogenesis and other features, many questions still remain in how to reach an accurate control of disease. In countries such as Venezuela this history has many experiences to be communicated. Being a country where, as is published by Gabaldón and Berti in 1954, a large area of an endemic country disease was eradicated, malaria as re-emerged in recent years as a public health threat. Last four years disease incidence has been increasing significantly from one year to the next one, 23,240 cases for 2001, 29,774 in 2002, 31,719 in 2003 and 46,649 in 2004 (Venezuela is country with 26 million pop.). The figures for year 2004 represented the second highest incidence in the disease history of the country, but also was the highest incidence after Gabaldón campaign. In 2005, these numbers were slightly lower, 45,776 cases. Significance of these figures is still uncertain because although malaria is a disease with an accurate diagnosis and reporting, many cases are not diagnosed and notified to the health system.

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2006-04-25   |   1,157 visitas   |   Evalua este artículo 0 valoraciones

Vol. 4 Núm.1. Enero-Marzo 2006 Pags. 39-40 Acta Cient Estud 2006; 4(1)