The prevalence and clinical characteristics of glucose metabolism disorders in patients with liver cirrhosis.

A prospective study 

Autores: García Compeán Diego, Jáquez Quintana Joel Omar, Lavalle González Fernando Javier, Reyes Cabello Erick, González González José Alberto, Muñoz Espinosa Linda Elsa, Vázquez Elizondo Genaro, et al

Resumen

Aims: To define the prevalence and clinical characteristics of glucose metabolism disorders (GMD) in patients with compensated liver cirrhosis (LC). Material and methods: Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels were measured to 130 patients with clinically stable LC. Oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) and fasting plasma insulin determinations were performed to patients with normal FPG. Insulin resistance (IR) was calculated with HOMA2-IR index. GMD were classified according to FPG and OGTT tests results and to the chronologic relation between diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM) and LC as follows: type-2 DM (T2DM), hepatogenous diabetes (HD) and impaired glucose tolerance. Patients from all groups were compared. Results: The prevalence of GMD were as follows: T2DM in 25 patients (19.2%, 95% CI 12.5-25.9), HD in 28 (21.5%, 95% CI 14.5-28.5) and IGT in 36 (38.5%, 95% CI 30.1-46.7). The total of patients with GMD was 79.2% (95% CI 72.3-86.1). In 41% of cases GMD were subclinical and 48.7% of patients had IR. Patients with T2DM had a higher number of variables with significant differences compared with the other groups (more marked compared to the patients without GMD). The only differences between the patients with T2DM and HD were hypercreatininemia: 1.14 ± 0.53 vs. 0.84 ± 0.22 mg/dL (p = 0.005) and family history of DM: 8 (32%) vs. 2 (7%) (p = 0.02). Conclusion: Almost 80% of patients with compensated LC had GMD. Half of them were subclinical. The patients with T2DM had marked clinical differences compared to patients from the other groups, particularly renal impairment.

Palabras clave: Liver cirrhosis diabetes mellitus hepatogenous diabetes oral glucose tolerance test insulin resistance.

2012-02-10   |   718 visitas   |   Evalua este artículo 0 valoraciones

Vol. 11 Núm.2. Marzo-Abril 2012 Pags. 240-248 Ann Hepatol 2012; 11(2)