Different models in predicting the short-term prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure

Autores: Yang Wen-Bin, Chen En-Qiang, Bi Hong-Xia, Bai Lang, Chen Xue-Bin, Feng Ping, Tang Hong

Resumen

Background and aims: Effective assessing the prognosis of patients with end-stage liver disease is always challenging. This study aimed to investigate the accuracy of different models in predicting short-term prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Material and methods: We retrospectively evaluated survival of a cohort of patients with at least 3-month followup. The receiver-operating-characteristic curves (ROC) were drawn for Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) classification, King’s College Hospital (KCH) criteria, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD), MELD combined with serum sodium (Na) concentration (MELDNa), integrated MELD (iMELD) and logistic regression model (LRM). Results: Of the 273 eligible patients, 152 patients (55.7%) died within 3-month follow up. In cirrhotic patients (n = 101), the AUCs of LRM (0.851), MELDNa (0.849), iMELD (0.845) and MELD (0.840) were all significantly higher than those of KCH criteria (0.642) and CTP (0.625) (all p < 0.05), while the differences among LRM, MELD, MELDNa and iMELD were not significant, and the most predictive cutoff value was 0.5176 for LRM, 30 for MELDNa, 47.87 for iMELD and 29 for MELD, respectively. In non-cirrhotic patients (n = 172), the AUC of LRM (0.897) was significantly higher than that of MELDNa (0.776), iMELD (0.768), MELD (0.758), KCH criteria (0.647) and CTP (0.629), respectively (all p < 0.05), and the most predictive cutoff value for LRM was -0.3264. Conclusions: LRM, MELD, MELDNa and iMELD are with similar accuracy in predicting the shortterm prognosis of HBV-ACLF patients with liver cirrhosis, while LRM is superior to MELD, MELDNa and iMELD in predicting the short-term prognosis of HBV-ACLF patients without liver cirrhosis.

Palabras clave: Acute-on-chronic liver failure hepatitis B virus liver cirrhosis model for end-stage liver disease prognosis.

2012-04-19   |   449 visitas   |   Evalua este artículo 0 valoraciones

Vol. 11 Núm.3. Mayo-Junio 2012 Pags. 311-319 Ann Hepatol 2012; 11(3)