Hepatitis B virus prevalence and vaccination response in health care workers and students at the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil

Autores: Carvalho Patrícia, Schinoni Maria Isabel, Andrade Jacy, Vasconcelos Rêgo Marco Antônio, Marques Patrícia, Meyer Roberto, Araújo Alex, et al

Resumen

Background and rationale for the study: Hepatitis B (HB) is one of the most prevalent occupational infections in health attendance environments. According to the Brazil Ministry of Health, health professionals must be vaccinated against the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and provide laboratory proof of immunization. Aims: To evaluate the seroprevalence of HBV infection and to analyze the response to vaccine by measuring serum antibodies against HBV surface antigen (anti-HBs) levels in a sample of students and health professionals at the Federal University of Bahia. Results: As part of this cross-sectional study, a campaign against occupational HB was launched in 2007 and vaccination and blood samples were collected for analysis of the following serological markers: HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-HBs (measured by enzyme-linked immunoassay) and total antibodies against HBV core antigen (anti-HBc). The study sample comprised 766 people. Global seropositivity for HBV was 1.7%: 0.5% in the students and 8.8% in the professionals. In a group of volunteers, a serological profile compatible with postvaccine immunity was shown by 95% of volunteers with proof of vaccination and by 81.8% of volunteers without proof of vaccination. Conclusions: In conclusion, this study shows that it is important to promote vaccination campaigns and improve knowledge and awareness about HB among health care workers and higher education students.

Palabras clave: Hepatitis B vaccination program healthcare students and professionals occupational hepatitis.

2012-04-19   |   556 visitas   |   Evalua este artículo 0 valoraciones

Vol. 11 Núm.3. Mayo-Junio 2012 Pags. 330-337 Ann Hepatol 2012; 11(3)